South Africa

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Geographical specificities

UNESCO SA World Heritage Sites

• UKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park (2000)
• Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (2004)
• Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park (1999)
• Vredefort Dome (2005)

Four UNESCO designated biosphere reserves in South Africa:
• Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve, Western Cape Province – Evergreen sclerophyllous forest, woodlands or scrub, marine/coastal zone
• Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve, Western Cape Province – Coastal plains, marine-influenced fynbos area, marine areas, wetlands
• Waterberg Biosphere Reserve, Limpopo Province – Tropical grasslands & savannas
• Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve, Limpopo Province –
Tropical grasslands and savanna, temperate grasslands, mixed mountain and highland systems, tropical dry and deciduous forest.

Capital of the country

Cape Town – Legislative, Bloemfontein – Executive, Pretoria – Judicial

Major cities

Johannesburg (the Largest), Cape Town, Durban, Nelspruit, Kimberly, Bloemfontein, Port Elizabeth

Basic history

Known as the birth place of human kind, South Africa’s pre historic history goes back as far as 3,5 million years ago.  The first evident of human kind goes back 3 million years with the discovery of Taung child. In 1652 the first Dutch settlers arrived in the Cape of Good hope and set up a refreshment station for the ships travelling to the East.

Over the next few 100 years the country was swapped between the Dutch and English and separated into 4 districts. From 1836 the Dutch farmers moved inland away from the British colony at the cape. This resulted in the discover y of gold and diamonds in 1876 and resulting in many inland cities starting. In 1948 the Afrikaans National party comes into power and Apartheid begins.

Up until the 1988 there was many laws put into place forcing color races to stay apart, in this time there was many uprisings and sanctions  against apartheid and South Africa. 1990 saw the end of Apartheid and Nelson Mandela being released from prison. 1994 was the first democratic elections and the ANC came into power. Today South Africa is a multi culture and multi racial country working together for a better South Africa.

Population

48 million

National Motto

Written in the Khoisan language of the /Xam people, literally meaning : diverse people unite.

Land area

Total: 1,219,912 sq km

Currency

South African Rand – ZAR

Time zone

GMT + 2

Type of Government

Republic

Climate

Mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
Chiefly sunny days, cool nights – overall warm, temperate climate
South-west – rains all year round
Rest of country – summer rains (Nov-Mar) & sunny, dry winters (Apr – Oct)
Spring & Autumn – neither distinct nor prolonged
Subtropical along north-east coast
Mediterranean conditions in far south-west
Benguela current cools the west coast
Agulhas current warms the east coast
Average rainfall – 484mm

Average temperature

South Africa 2

Precipitation

South Africa 3

As the Temperature in South Africa differs so vastly depending on where you are this is only of Cape Town and NOT the whole South Africa.

 Typical day of an average person in South Africa

Most South Africans work Monday to Friday, 8am – 4pm.  Weekends are normally very social with a Braai (BBQ), watching sports – Rugby, going to the beach, hikes etc.  Thursday – Monday are normally good nights to go party.

Typical school schedule

Monday to Friday
8am – 12:30 or 14:30 depending on age
10:00 – 10:30 & 12:00 – 12:30 lunch

Does the week start on Monday and end on Friday?

Yes, for most South Africans.

Main means of transport used by the major part of the population

Car, bus, train, walk

Main means of transport used by persons who usually host foreign participants

Car, bus, walk

Average number of children per family

3.3

Average monthly salary

R1500

Type of clothes people wear every day?

South Africans dress very western, normally with informal or relaxed clothing

CULTURAL PARTICULARITIES:

Give a few tips on what we should or not do in your country

Always respect other people’s cultural beliefs, differences and heritage.

According to your experience what could be shocking for participants when discovering your culture?

South African is very much like Europe when it comes to cultures around the cities.  However, further away from the cities you will be able to experience more of the traditional cultures and traditions.

Could you present some habits of the population and some funny facts or anecdotes about your country?

African Time: South African runs on what is called ‘African time’ this is a very relaxed way of doing things. Nothing ever runs on time and people are usually late for meeting etc. This is African time

TIA: ‘This Is Africa’ An expression that is used when things don’t work or run according to plan, this happens often.

Now Now or just Now: are time frames given.  It could be any time between now and next week or longer.  Ie.  ‘When will you get here? ’ ’ Just now’

Could you present a few cultural aspect of your country?

Hugging and kissing your friends on the lips is a normal way of greeting.
Women are looked after by men, it is usual to open a door, give a women your seat or carry her good.

Are there any annual events that could be of interest for participants?

Music festivals:
Up the Creek – Feb – Cape Town
Oppikoppie – Aug –  Rustenberg
Rocking the Daises – Oct – Cape Town
Kirstenbosch summer concerts – Dec- Feb – Cape Town

Events and festivals:
J&B Met – Horse race – cape town
Durban July – horse race – Durban
Wacky wine festival – Cape Town
Burning man

For more info look at : http://www.sa-venues.com/events/

Western Cape – Cape Town

V & A Waterfront
Table Mountain
Cape Point
Robben Island
Wine Route
Kirstenbosch Gardens
Boulders Beach
Knysna
Oudtshoorn – Ostrich
Cango Caves

Eastern Cape

Nelson Mandela Museum
Addo Elephant National Park
Shamwari Private Game Reserve
Valley of Desolation
Hole in The Wall
Eastern Cape Game Reserves

KwaZulu Natal

Ukhahlamba
Drakensberg Park
Shakaland/Zulu Villages
Game Parks
Greater St Lucia
Wetlands Park

Gauteng

Gold Reef City
Apartheid Museum
Cradle of Humankind
Gauteng Game & Nature Reserves
Dinokeng
Constitution Hill
Walter Sisulu Botanical Gardens

Northern Cape

The Big Hole
Kgalagadi Transfontier Park
Augrabies Falls
Tswalu Kalahari Reserve
Northern Cape Game Reserves

Mpumalanga

Kruger National Park
Private Game Parks
Blyde River Canyon
Pilgrim’s Rest
God’s Window

Limpopo

Mapungubwe National Park
Kruger Park (North and central)
The Makapansgat Valley
Modjadji Nature Reserve
Limpopo Game and Nature Reserves

North West

Sun City
Pilanesberg Park
Madikwe Game Reserve
North West Game Reserves

Free State

Basotho Cultural Village
Golden Gate Highlands Park
Gariep Dam
Sterkfontein Dam

RELIGION

What are the most developed religions in the country?

Christianity, Islam , Hinduism and African Religion

Can these have any effect on the participant’s life?

No, volunteers are not forced to do anything they do not want to be involved in.

What type of clothes do people normally wear in religious places?

Casual clothes or traditional dress.

MEN & WOMEN

In Job context do women have the same status as men?

Yes, jobs are available for all and women will generally get the position over a man.

In the family context do women have the same status as men?

Yes, there are still households where the women are supported by the men  and stay at home with the children. However, it is now normal for men and women to work and share house hold responsibilities.

SECURITY

How would you rate the security in the country or the cities where the participants will stay in?

7/10, the areas where the volunteers will be staying are all very safe. There are petty crimes due to the poverty in the country but it is safe for volunteers to walk in the streets on their own.

Regarding security, are their differences between men and women that our participants should be aware of?

No, there are no differences between men and women in South Africa.

USEFULL INFORMATION

Can you drink the water from the Tap?

Yes, in most of South Africa the water is safe to drink.  Just ask before drinking it.n.

Do participants usually open bank accounts?

No

Are there any vaccinations required to enter the country?

No

What is the emergency number for the police?

10111

What is the emergency number of the firemen?

10111

What is the emergency number of the Ambulance?

10177

Could you give us a few useful phone numbers, address or links to consult if the participant has a health problem?

Medicross
Tel: 012 665-8500
Website: www.medicross.co.za

Netcare
Tel: 011 301 0000
Website: www.netcare.co.za

What means of transport should the participant use to get around easily?

Car or bus

Is there any interesting website we can recommend in that regard?

Golden Arrow bus  – www.gabs.co.za
Baz bus – www.bazbus.com
Around about car hire – www.aroundaboutcars.com

Which website would you recommend to find directions?

Google maps

Average price of a 20minute taxi ride

+_ R160 – R240 for a private taxi and R5 for a public one

What is the cost of one Big Mac burger

R20

What is the price of a Coca cola?

R6

What is the average price for a Internet connection in a Cyber café

R10 – R20

What is the cost of a loaf of bread?

R5

What is the cost of a local take away lunch?

R30

Arriving in South Africa

Do I need a visa?
How long can I legally stay in South Africa?
Do I need to bring any medication?
Do I need malaria medication?
What vaccinations do I need?

Staying in South Africa

Do I need to bring cash or can I use my debit / credit card?
Can I drink the tap water?
Are there a lot of mosquitos?
Is it possible to smoke ?
Will I have internet access?
What happens if there is an emergency?
Are there plug sockets in every room?
Is it safe on my project?
Why do I have to pay to volunteer?
Should I bring donations?
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